Foot Pain: Causes, Treatment, and Prevention

Can’t “stand” the nagging foot pain?

Foot pain can be frustrating, making even the simplest tasks tedious. Whether from wearing uncomfortable shoes or an underlying condition, foot pain needs a prompt diagnosis and treatment. 

Let us help you learn the common causes of foot pain, the types of foot pain you may experience, and, most importantly, effective treatment options to help you find relief. 

Foot care

Common Causes of Foot Pain

Understanding the common causes of foot pain can help us take necessary precautions and seek appropriate treatment.

  1. One common cause of foot pain is improper footwear. Wearing shoes that are too tight or don’t provide adequate support can lead to discomfort and inflammation. High heels, in particular, can put excessive pressure on certain areas of the foot.
  2. Another culprit for foot pain is overuse or repetitive strain injuries. Running, dancing, or standing without proper rest can result in conditions like plantar fasciitis or stress fractures.
  3. Foot deformities like bunions or hammertoes can also contribute to chronic foot pain. These structural issues often require specialized treatment to alleviate symptoms effectively.
  4. Additionally, medical conditions such as arthritis or diabetes may manifest as foot pain due to joint inflammation or nerve damage.
  5. Injuries like sprains, strains, or fractures from accidents or sports-related activities are another prevalent cause of foot discomfort.

Types of Foot Pain

There are various types of foot pain. Each type may have different causes and symptoms, which can help determine the appropriate treatment. Here are some common types of foot pain:

  1. Plantar Fasciitis occurs when the plantar fascia, a thick band of tissue that connects the heel bone and the toes, becomes inflamed or irritated. People with this condition often experience sharp pain in the heel.
  2. Achilles Tendinitis: a strong cord-like structure that connects the calf muscles to the back of the heel bone. Inflammation as a result of overuse or injury causes swelling or pain at the back of the ankle.
  3. Metatarsalgia: This is characterized by inflammation and pain in the ball of your foot (the area between your arches and toes). It commonly occurs due to excessive pressure on this region caused by running or wearing improper footwear.
  4. Morton’s Neuroma: This condition involves a thickening or enlargement of nerve tissue between your third and fourth toes. It typically leads to sharp burning pain in this area and tingling or numbness.
  5. Stress fractures: Fractures that occur due to repetitive strain and overuse.

Foot pain treatment with Dr. Ehab Kheir

Addressing hand pain often involves a comprehensive approach encompassing physical therapy, medication, and, in certain instances, surgical intervention. Effective management frequently requires a combination of these modalities for enduring pain relief and improved function.

Physical Therapy

A pivotal component of treating chronic hand pain involves tailored physical therapy interventions, which may include:

  • Cold Therapy: Applied to alleviate pain and reduce swelling.
  • Heat Therapy: Utilized to enhance circulation and facilitate healing.
  • Exercises: Encompassing stretching, balance, and strength-building exercises.
  • Foot Orthotics: Inserts placed in your footwear to support the structure or correct imbalances.
  • Heel Pads: Particularly beneficial for plantar fasciitis to alleviate pain.

Advanced techniques such as manual soft tissue mobilization, shock wave therapy, and dry needling may target specific muscles or trigger points for pain relief and improved flexibility. 


Various medications play a crucial role in managing foot pain associated with conditions such as arthritis, tendonitis, and plantar fasciitis. Medications include:

  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs): Over-the-counter options like ibuprofen (e.g., Advil) or prescription NSAIDs like celecoxib (e.g., Celebrex).
  • Cortisone (Steroid) Injections: Administered into affected joints for sustained pain relief.
  • Hyaluronic Acid Injections: Synthetic lubricant injections into joints are particularly beneficial for arthritis.


When conservative measures prove insufficient, surgery might be considered, especially in the presence of severe deformities or persistent pain. Examples of surgical interventions include:

  • Cheilectomy: Joint debridement and excision of prominent bone causing impingement and irritation to surrounding soft tissues and improve range of movement of affected joints.
  • Osteotomy: Realigning bones (osteotomy) and balancing the adjacent ligaments helps restore anatomy and alleviate pain.
  • Fracture fixation: When the bone is very displaced, or the joint line is disrupted, then surgery may be considered.
  • Tendon debridement and Repair: Addressing damaged tendons to restore function.
  • Excision of morton’s neuroma: Surgical excision of morton’s neuroma to alleviate pain.
  • Fusion Surgeries Fusion surgery helps to reduce pain by preventing movement between two bones.
  • Arthroplasty: Surgical reconstruction of joints affected by arthritis for improved function.

Book an appointment with Dr. Ehab Kheir to treat foot pain

If you are dealing with persistent or severe foot pain impacting your quality of life, consulting a specialist like Dr. Ehab Kheir is highly recommended. With his expertise and extensive knowledge of foot conditions, he can accurately diagnose the cause of your foot pain and provide personalized treatment options tailored to your specific needs.

Schedule an appointment today!