Ankle Arthritis

Imagine you wake up in the morning, and with your first step out of bed, you’re greeted by a sharp, stabbing pain in your ankles. Once effortless, the simple act of walking has become a daily struggle. 

This is the reality for many individuals dealing with ankle arthritis

Ankle Arthritis

Ankle arthritis is a common condition characterized by the inflammation and deterioration of the ankle joint. The condition develops when the cartilage covering the bones of an ankle joint is damaged. 

Ankle arthritis becomes evident through symptoms such as difficulty walking, joint pain, and noticeable swelling in the ankle joint.

Symptoms of Ankle Arthritis

Symptoms of ankle arthritis can vary in intensity and may worsen over time. 

Common signs of ankle arthritis include:

  • Pain and stiffness that worsens in the morning and after prolonged sitting.
  • Tenderness when touching the joint.
  • Swelling, either around the entire ankle or on one side.
  • Reduced range of motion, limiting ankle movement.
  • Development of bony protrusions, known as osteophytes or bone spurs.
  • Difficulty walking due to pain, stiffness, and limited mobility.


If you are experiencing any of these symptoms and suspect you may have ankle arthritis, it’s essential to consult an orthopedics specialist for an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan customized to address your unique condition.

A Flat Foot is a condition in which the arch of one or both feet flattens when a person stands or applies pressure to them. When people with flat feet stand up, their entire soles press into the ground because their feet point outward. However, the arch can appear when the leg is lifted in some cases.

Causes of Ankle Arthritis

Ankle arthritis can be caused by various factors, including:

  • Post-traumatic arthritis
  • Flat foot or high-arched foot
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Obesity
  • AVN (Osteonecrosis or Avascular Necrosis)
  • Haemochromatosis

Ankle Arthritis Diagnosis in Dubai

Dr Ehab Kheir emphasizes that the diagnosis of ankle osteoarthritis is established through a comprehensive approach. This typically involves:

Medical History:

Gathering patient history, including past ankle injuries and symptoms.

Clinical Examination:

A thorough assessment of the ankle joint by Dr Ehab, which includes evaluating for signs of tenderness, warmth, stiffness and range of motion.

Imaging Tests: 

X-rays, MRIs or CT scans are some imaging tests that can help diagnose ankle arthritis.

This comprehensive approach ensures an accurate diagnosis and informs a personalized ankle arthritis treatment in Dubai.

Non-Surgical Ankle Arthritis Treatment in Dubai

Conservative or non-surgical treatments for ankle arthritis aim to alleviate pain, improve joint function, and delay the need for surgery. These approaches encompass:


  • Weight loss to alleviate pressure on the ankle

  • Activity modification, avoiding activities that exacerbate pain.

  • Wearing supportive shoes with cushioning and good arch support can help minimize discomfort.

  • Use of anti-inflammatory medication to relieve pain and discomfort.

  • Physiotherapy to enhance flexibility and activity.

  • Injections for ankle joint lubrication or cortisone to reduce inflammation, although their effects are typically temporary.

Surgical Ankle Arthritis Treatment in Dubai

Surgical treatment for ankle arthritis may be considered when non-surgical measures fail to provide sufficient relief.

Here are common surgical ankle arthritis treatment in Dubai:

Ankle Arthroscopy: 

Arthroscopic surgery involves using small incisions and a tiny camera (arthroscope) to visualize and treat the ankle joint. 

It’s often used for early-stage arthritis to remove loose cartilage or bone fragments, clean the joint, and assess its condition.

Ankle arthroscopy allows for a shorter recovery period, with patients returning to regular activities within a few days.

Ankle Fusion (Arthrodesis):

Ankle joint fusion surgery aims to reduce pain by eliminating ankle motion. Ankle fusion involves permanently joining the bones of the ankle joint. 

This procedure provides long-lasting pain relief, increases stability, and prevents further joint degeneration.

Some patients can engage in running and sports like tennis after ankle fusion. Fusion is preferred for young, active patients subjecting their ankles to significant stress

Total Ankle Replacement Surgery:

Ankle replacement surgery involves removing the damaged parts of the ankle joint and replacing them with artificial components. It allows patients to maintain and even gain a few degrees of movement.

This procedure provides long-lasting pain relief, increases stability, and prevents further joint degeneration. Ankle replacement surgery is a more complex procedure than hip or knee replacements and may not be suitable for all individuals.

Optimal results are often seen in older patients, typically over 60, due to reduced ankle stress.   Some younger patients have experienced positive outcomes, but the long-term durability of the joint replacement is yet to be determined.

Consult Dr Ehab Kheir for Ankle Arthritis Treatment in Dubai

In your journey to finding relief from ankle arthritis, Dr Ehab Kheir, a renowned orthopaedics surgeon in Dubai, offers expert guidance and a range of treatment options. Whether you seek non-surgical solutions or advanced surgical interventions, Dr Ehad’s expertise ensures personalized care. 

Don’t let ankle arthritis limit your mobility and comfort. 

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